Federated Malay States, 1895–1946
Being established by the British government in 1895, the FMS was a federation of four protected states (Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang) in the Malay Peninsula. The United Kingdom was responsible for foreign affairs and defence, whilst the states continued to be responsible for their domestic policies.
The flag’s four stripes represented the four colors used in the flag of the states. In the center was a white oblong, with a horizontal major axis, and a Malayan tiger.
The Federation was overrun and occupied by the Japanese. After the liberation of Malaya, the federation was not restored. However, an independent Federation of Malaya was established and the Federation later evolved into Malaysia.